Transform text to binary. In binary data, all characters are stored as numbers on computers. Computer instructions or text can be represented using binary code, which employs the binary numerals 0 and 1. Every command or symbol is assigned a bit string. Instructions, letters, or symbols can be represented by the strings. These codes are used in computers to encode data.

Mathematics and computer science both make use of this base-2, or binary, numeric system. The two symbols are all that the system uses to represent values. Typically, the values found in binary systems are referred to as binary numbers.

Computers internally employ the binary system in digital electronics, and more especially in digital electrical circuits that use logic gates (with values of 0 and 1). The binary system is also used by computer-based devices, such as mobile phones.

It is possible to convert between binary and the human-used base-10 scheme. In the case of binary and hexadecimal conversions, four binary digits are required to represent one hexadecimal digit. It is also possible to convert from binary to octal. The representation of an octal digit requires three binary digits. Octal number 0 is binary 000.

Text or instructions can be represented using binary code by using the binary numbering scheme.